Southeast Asia

The Philippines

Pambansang Kilusan ng mga Samahang Magsasaka (PAKISAMA) traces its roots to the series of grassroots consultation conducted in 1986, right after the EDSA People Power Revolution. It was conducted in 70% of the provinces in the country and participated in by more than 10,000 peasant leaders. It aimed at formulating a genuine agrarian and aquatic reform program. It was in this series of grassroots consultation and in the culminating national consultation held in August 1986 that the need for a strong national alliance that will push for genuine agrarian and aquatic reform, rural development, and the protection of peasants’ rights was recognized. The participating peasant groups as a response to this need organized the PAKISAMA.

PAKISAMA since 1986 was prominent in several national and international campaigns for agrarian reform and rural development. After a successful campaign with the broadest coalition of national farmers federations and civil society organizations in enacting the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) in 1988 to cover 10 million hectares of agricultural land for distribution to some 7 million farmers, PAKISAMA in 1989 pioneered and eventually mainstreamed in 1992 the Tripartite Partnership for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (TriPARRD) Program. The program mobilized agrarian reform farmers with key national NGOs, academe, and government agencies in all stages of agrarian reform implementation including a systematic development of agrarian reform community cooperatives in full value-chain services to members, enhancing their capacity to produce better and healthier crops and livestocks through the practice of integrated, diversified, organic farming systems, processing them to add value, and to gain greater market power.

With CARP about to end in 1997 yet only half of the coverable land had been distributed, PAKISAMA served as co-catalyst, co-conceptualizer, fundraiser, networker, campaign coordinator, media liaison, and field organizer of one of the most historic land rights campaigns such as that of the Sumilao farmers which span 20 years, conducting non-violent dramatic direct actions such as hunger strike and cross-country marches, educating the Filipino people and mobilizing various civil society institutions including the academe, media, and church institutions locally, nationally and internationally in successfully pushing two administrations in passing the law extending and reforming CARP, making it possible for government to program the distribution and development of the remaining 4 million hectares of private and public lands to some 3 million farmers.

PAKISAMA was also instrumental in the passage of the 1988 Fisheries Code and the National Organic Agriculture Act in 2010 and has been in the forefront in pushing for their meaningful implementation. It has piloted in ten provinces and is now in the process of mainstreaming its program of building agri-based cooperative enterprises in the country.

Coalition Programme and Activities:
1. Community Empowerment Facility
2. Capacity-building for Landless Farmers and Farmworkers in The Philippines
3. Networking and Collaboration

Aims and Objectives:
By building a strong national federation of multiple sectors, which leads advocacy and implementation for genuine sustainable agrarian reforms and rural development, PAKISAMA’s ultimate goal is to empower the Filipino farmers, fisherfolks, indigenous peoples, and women.

Target Groups:
Rural Women
Indigenous Peoples

Land Acquisition
Land Tenure Systems
Community Capacity Building
Network Building
Institutional Development
Lobbying and Advocacy
Legislation, Regulations and Legal Support
Policy Research
Post Land Acqusition Services
Land Literacy
Women’s Access to Land
Land and Water Rights