PAKISAMA organizes national consultation with small-scale women and men forest and farm producers
July 25-27, 2015 | Bosoboso, Antipolo City, Philippines
PAKISAMA held the National Conference on Bottom-Up Budgeting (BUB) cum Farmers Advocacy Consultation Tool (FACT) organized by PAKISAMA on June 25-27, 2015 in Bosoboso, Antipolo City, on the theme: “Towards Stronger PAKISAMA Cooperative Agri-Based Enterprises Nationwide in the Coconut, Cereals, Fisheries and Social/Agri-Forestry Sectors.” The Asian Farmers Association for Sustainable Rural Development (AFA) provided some support to conduct a consultation session that brought together forest policy-makers and PAKISAMA’s forest farmer producers’ organizations and other stakeholders supportive to the forest sector.
Ms Lita Racelis of Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) Unit of Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) presented the government’s Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) program and the scope and coverage of CBFM agreements, i.e., all forestlands, all people-oriented forestry programs, IPs whose claims to ancestral domains/lands recognized through CADCs/CALCs. The CBFM provides a strategic plan of the community on how to manage and benefit from the forest resources on a sustainable basis and provides detailed activities which serves as the 5-year work plan of the People’s Organization (PO).
Other DENR programs and projects were also discussed, including the multibillion-peso National Greening Program (NGP) which has been criticized for its lack of transparency and consultations with local stakeholders. For instance, in south Sierra Madre, the Agta-Remontados indigenous community was surprised to have some ‘NGOs’ that they do not know coming into their territory to plant tree species that are alien to the local environment, and destructive of the biodiversity of the area, and without free prior informed consent (FPIC) from the indigenous people in the area. In other areas in Central Luzon, local communities watch in disbelief at so-called ‘reforestation projects’ awarded to questionable groups who disappear and then show up again to do ‘reforestation’ after the area they previously ‘reforested’ had been mysteriously burned to the ground.
PAKISAMA’s upland farmers’ organizations identified major issues vis DENR programs as:
§ Lack of transparency by DENR and/or some LGUs in implementing social/agri-forestry projects, including NGP;
§ Lack of participation by local stakeholders in the conceptualization and implementation of local social/agri-forestry projects;
§ Most POs/CSOs have difficulty in preparing project proposals and other documentary requirements for social/agri-forestry projects;
§ Some projects are not implemented because LGUs do not provide counterpart;
§ Some good social/agri-forestry projects are undermined or corrupted by some DENR personnel themselves, in cahoots, in a number of cases with some LGU officials;
§ Some mayors control social/agri-forestry projects’ implementation especially on location and beneficiaries.
The upland farmers worked on a sample SMART project proposal for submission to the 2017 BUB cycle entitled: “Mount Bosoboso water shed rehabilitation and protection” in the amount of P15 million which aims to: i) establish nurseries of indigenous trees which will be planted to reforest500 has. of BosoBoso mountains; ii) train at least 50 forest guards to protect the area that will be reforested; and ii) orient the residents living near BosoBoso mountain on how to protect the forest and how to engage in sustainable livelihood activities that do not destroy the forest. The target beneficiaries are 1,000 households (direct) and 30,000 households (indirect).
PAKISAMA’s forest farmers organizations also came up with recommendations to prioritize a comprehensive program for reforestation and capability building through – a) Establishment of nurseries for indigenous trees and seed banks for traditional crops; b) Reforestation programs; c) Monitoring of upland areas by forest guards (provided with trainings and financial support); d) Construction or rehabilitation of farm-to-market roads; e) Creation of alternative livelihood programs and conduct of trainings; f) Ensuring compliance of government and companies with FPIC requirements; g) Provision of support services (e.g. how to effectively manage the land, how to make it profitable, how to increase land productivity etc.) for agrarian reform beneficiaries and IP communities to protect their land rights; h) Improve or speed up the processing and awarding of CADT to protect the ancestral domain; Introduction of solar power technology to upland and far flung areas (e.g. solar ramp pump to aid in the irrigation).
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